- Nigel Simeone
Austrian firm of publishers.
Universal Edition (UE) was founded in Vienna on 1 June 1901 by three Viennese publishers: Josef Weinberger, Adolf Robitschek and Bernhard Herzmansky sr (of Doblinger). The original idea probably came from Weinberger and the banker Josef Simon (Johann Strauss’s brother-in-law). UE’s initial aims were described in the Neue Wiener Tagblatt on 9 August 1901: ‘The new music publisher is a joint venture founded by leading publishers of Austria-Hungary. … As well as publishing the classics and significant instructive works, it will also publish compositions by important modern masters’. The main purpose of UE at the outset was to provide an Austrian edition of the standard repertory which could compete successfully with those of Peters and Breitkopf & Härtel. The firm’s financial position was strengthened by the instruction from the Austrian Ministry of Education on 5 July 1901 that all Austrian music schools should buy UE publications in preference to German editions. Further stability was offered by Weinberger who undertook to purchase a substantial quantity of UE’s output. Weinberger also provided the firm with its first premises, in his own building at 11 Maximilianstrasse (later Mahlerstrasse). In ...