Ustvol′skaya, Galina Ivanovna
- Lyudmila Kovnatskaya
(b Petrograd, June 17, 1919; d St Petersburg, Dec 22, 2006). Russian composer. She studied at the music college attached to the Leningrad Conservatory (1937–9) and then with Shostakovich and Steinberg at the Conservatory itself (1939–47) and later undertook postgraduate studies there (1947–50). Her education was interrupted by a period of service at a military hospital during World War II. She taught composition at the music college attached to the Leningrad Conservatory (1947–75); throughout her time there, her class was the centre of attraction for the most gifted students, among whom were the composers Banevich, Tishchenko and Veselov. Shostakovich so admired Ustvol′skaya's music that he incorporated some of her ideas into his own works; for example, the second subject of the finale of her Trio for clarinet, violin and piano (1949) appears in his Fifth String Quartet, op.92 and in the Suite op.145 (No.9, ‘Immortality’)....