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date: 20 February 2020

Ward, Johnlocked

  • Michael W. Foster
  • , revised by Ian Payne
  •  and Roger Bowers


(bc1589; d before Aug 31, 1638). English composer. There are two theories regarding his biography. One holds that the composer lived from 1571 to 1617 and was a minor canon at Canterbury Cathedral. A Canterbury birth and family is suggested by the composer's pedigree, presented at the heralds' visitation of Essex in 1634. This document does not confirm any connection with the cathedral there, however, and his identification with the minor canon is dependent on the death date of 1617, which is challenged by the fact that the composer, whose musical handwriting is preserved (in GB-Och 61–6), was still signing Exchequer documents in 1638. He may be the son of the minor canon or alternatively of the John Ward senior who was a lifelong retainer of Elizabeth Smyth of Ashford and Westhanger, Kent, wife (from 1594) of Sir Henry Fanshawe, Remembrancer of the Exchequer in London and a great patron of the arts....

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