- Wolfgang Suppan
A composition for five wind instruments. Although there are many exceptions the usual combination, which became established around 1800, is flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon and horn. This grouping evolved from the imperial Harmoniemusik as used at the Vienna court of Joseph II from 1782 (two oboes, two clarinets, two horns and two bassoons). The new quintet combination with its solo voices took advantage of the technical improvements being made to wind instruments during this period, and allowed some of the principles of Haydn's writing for string quartet to be transferred to chamber music for wind instruments. Antonio Rosetti (c1750–1792), Nikolaus Schmitt and G.M. Cambini (1764–1825) were among the first to compose for the new combination, but the wind quintet became a firmly established musical genre only with Antoine Reicha's 24 quintets written from 1811 (six each in opp.88, 91, 99, 100) and Franz Danzi's nine quintets written in ...