- Rudolf Klein
- , revised by Martin Elste
(b Vienna, June 29, 1900; d Mannheim, Dec 27, 1975). Austrian pianist and teacher . At the Vienna Music Academy (1915–20) he studied the piano with Franz Schmidt, music theory and composition with Joseph Marx, and conducting with Ferdinand Löwe. He also studied law and musicology at the University of Vienna. In 1923 he began to tour as a concert pianist. He was also a much sought-after and influential piano teacher, at the Vienna Music Academy (1922–32, 1939–45), the Mannheim Musikhochschule (1934–6, 1952–8), Kiel (1936–9), the Salzburg Mozarteum (1948–51) and Munich (1955–68). He had a special interest in the Viennese Classical and German Romantic and late-Romantic composers, and performed and published his own two-hand arrangements of all Schmidt’s works that had been written originally for the one-armed pianist Paul Wittgenstein. Between 1923 and 1928, as a founder-member of the Austrian section of the ISCM, he performed many works by contemporary composers. His many recordings (including the first complete set of Schubert’s sonatas) testify to a style of playing that combines clear articulation with warmth of expression. Wührer composed piano works, string quartets and songs, as well as cadenzas for Mozart concertos; he wrote ...