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date: 20 August 2019

Yampol′sky, Abram Il′ich locked

  • I.M. Yampol′sky

Extract

(b Yekaterinoslav [now Dnepropetrovsk], Oct 11, 1890; d Moscow, Aug 17, 1956). Ukrainian violinist and teacher . He studied the violin with Sergey Korguyev at the St Petersburg Conservatory, and also studied composition with Nikolay Sokolov, Jāzeps Vītols and Maximilian Steinberg. In 1920 he moved to Moscow and was assistant leader of the Bol′shoy Theatre orchestra. In 1922 he was appointed director of the orchestral and violin classes of the Moscow Conservatory, in 1926 he became a professor, and in 1936 head of the violin department. Later he also taught at the Gnesin Institute, and from 1922 until it disbanded in 1936 was one of the directors and a member of the council of Persimfans. Yampol′sky was one of the founders of the modern Russian violin school, which developed from the teaching of Auer. Yampol′sky's teaching was based on a subtle combination of the performer's musical feeling and the all-round development of his mastery of the instrument. A distinctive feature of his method was to take the pupil from the elementary stages up to the completion of his artistic education. Yampol′sky described his methods and aims in his writings. Leonid Kogan, Yulian Sitkovsetsky, Igor′ Bezrodnïy, Mikhail Fikhtengol′ts and Mark Lubotsky were among Yampol′sky's pupils. He wrote numerous transcriptions for violin and piano, cadenzas for the concertos of Beethoven, Brahms and Paganini, and edited the studies of Kreutzer, Dont, Paganini and others. He was named Honoured Art Worker of the RSFSR in ...

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