Zarlino, Gioseffo [Gioseffe]
- Claude V. Palisca
(b Chioggia, probably Jan 31, 1517; d Venice, Feb 4, 1590). Italian theorist and composer. He was a leading theorist of counterpoint in the 16th century. In his book Le istitutioni harmoniche, a landmark in the history of music theory, he achieved an integration of speculative and practical theory and established Willaert’s methods as models for contrapuntal writing.
Baldi, who knew Zarlino personally and whose biography of him is dated 20 November 1595, stated that he was born on 31 January 1519/20, but there are no documents to support this date, and other dates that he cited are inconsistent with it. In his own history of the Capuchin friars of Venice (1579) Zarlino recalled that when he was very small his uncle Bartolomeo Zarlino entered the Franciscan order on 24 July 1521 together with a Fra Paulo, who became a strong influence in his childhood. He received his early education among the Franciscans. According to Baldi he studied grammar with Giacobo Eterno Sanese, arithmetic and geometry with Giorgio Atanagi and music with Francesco Maria Delfico. Archival documents give the dates of his religious promotions: the first tonsure on ...