Zbruyeva, Yevgeniya (Ivanovna )
- I.M. Yampol′sky
(b Moscow, 24 or 26 Dec 1867/5 or 7 Jan 1868; d Moscow, 20 Oct 1936). Russian contralto. She was the daughter of the singer and composer Pyotr Bulakhov. She graduated from Yelisaveta Lavrovskaya’s’s class at the Moscow Conservatory in 1893 and joined the Bol′shoy the following year. In 1905 she joined the Mariinsky Theatre in St Petersburg and taught at the conservatory (1915–17). Zbruyeva’s voice was deep, rich and smooth, powerful and beautiful throughout its wide range. Her clear diction, precise intonation and keen, subtle phrasing made her a finished performer. Her great roles were Glinka’s Vanya and Ratmir, and Marfa in Khovanshchina (which she sang at the 1911 Mariinsky première), but she was also extraordinarily successful in such character parts as Solokha (Rimsky-Korsakov’s Christmas Eve) and the Innkeeper (Boris). Her memoirs are published in the collection Muzïkal′noye nasledstvo...