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date: 17 February 2020

Zimmermann, (Johann) Antonlocked

  • Milan Poštolka
  • , revised by Darina Múdra


(b Breitenau [now Široká Niva], nr Bruntál, bap. Dec 27, 1741; d Pressburg [now Bratislava], cOct 8, 1781). Austrian composer. He probably received his musical education in Silesia; later he was organist at the cathedral in Königgrätz (now Hradec Králové, Czech Republic). From the early 1770s he was active in Pressburg, where his Singspiel Narcisse et Pierre is reported to have been performed in 1772 (as documented by the Pressburger Zeitung); in 1773 he composed works for the St Cecilia festivities there. His works were first listed in the Breitkopf thematic catalogues in 1769 and 1772–84; the earliest manuscript sources date from 1770, and printed sources apparently from 1775. Early in 1776 he was appointed Kapellmeister and court composer to Count Joseph Batthyány, the Archbishop (cardinal from 1778) of Hungary. Zimmermann developed the orchestra into an outstanding ensemble of over 20 musicians (including the double bass virtuoso Johannes Sperger), in which wind instruments seem to have been prominent; he conducted from the first violinist’s chair and remained the head of the orchestra until his death. The orchestra performed publicly twice a week, with secular works dominating its repertory. From ...

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