Zirler, Stephan [Cirlerus, Stephanus; Zyrlerus, Stephanus; Zierler, Steffan]
- Franz Krautwurst
[Cirlerus, Stephanus; Zyrlerus, Stephanus; Zierler, Steffan]
(b Rohr, Bavaria, c1518; d Heidelberg, end of July 1568). German composer. In 1529 or 1530 he was a chorister in the electoral court in Heidelberg, where he met Georg Forster, Caspar Othmayr and Jobst von Brandt and, like them, studied with Lorenz Lemlin. Forster later dedicated to Zirler the fourth part of his Frische teutsche Liedlein (Nuremberg, 1556) as a seal to the friendship formed in Heidelberg. In 1537 Zirler became a student at Heidelberg University, and then was made an official at the Palatine court in Heidelberg, eventually serving as personal secretary to Elector Friedrich III. In his religious belief Zirler inclined towards Calvinism. All except one of Zirler’s 23 songs were published in Forster’s Frische teutsche Liedlein. Most of them retain the principle of the tenor cantus firmus, though the tenor has largely lost the character of a leading voice, the texture being either imitative or chordal. These songs were popular in their day, and there are transcriptions for lute or organ in the collections of Ochsenkun, Jobin, Neusidler, Schmid and Paix. In ...