Zonca [Zonka, Zonga], Giuseppe [Joseph]
- Robert Münster
(b Brescia, 1715; d Munich, Jan 4, 1772). Italian bass and composer active in Germany. After philosophical and theological studies he was ordained a priest, but then dedicated himself to music. On 22 April 1752 he was hired as a bass singer in the Munich Hofkapelle. In 1754 his oratorio La morte d’Abel was performed at the court (also performed in Bologna, 1759, and Bonn, 1760, with Beethoven’s father in the role of Adamo); his serenata L’Angelica and opera Il re pastore were presented there in 1758 and 1760 respectively. Lipowsky (1811) praised the unusually deep notes and pleasant upper register of his voice. As a composer he set many texts by Metastasio and followed the methods of Italian opera seria without originality. Some of the works attributed to him may have been composed by his brother (or nephew) Giovanni Battista Zonca.