Zuffolo [chiufolo, ciufolo] (It.)
- J.A. Fuller Maitland
- , revised by Anthony C. Baines
- and Mary Térey-Smith
[chiufolo, ciufolo] (It.)
In Italy a name for any small duct flute or whistle. It was first described in the 14th century (Marcuse, 1964) as having two front finger-holes and a rear thumb-hole (it thus falls into the normal pattern for three-hole pipes; see Pipe and tabor). It was traditionally carved from boxwood and had a conical bore. The narrow compass obtainable from the three finger-holes could be extended to over two octaves by stopping and half-stopping the bell with the palm of the hand, and by overblowing. In Sicily the term applies to a larger duct flute with a wide-beak mouthpiece and six finger-holes.
A larger, much improved zuffolo (lowest note c′′) appeared during the early 17th century. According to Van der Meer this ‘was also called flautino and flauto piccolo in works by Monteverdi, Praetorius, Schütz, Schein and Telemann; Keiser alone maintains the original name’. The Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nuremberg, houses a few three-hole duct flutes, some with ...