Zwyssig, Alberik (Johann Josef Maria )
- Luise Marretta-Schär
(Johann Josef Maria )
(b Bauen, canton of Uri, Nov 17, 1808; d Mehrerau, nr Bregenz, Nov 19, 1854). Swiss composer . He is best remembered for Trittst im Morgenrot daher, now the Swiss national anthem. At the age of 12 he entered the school of Wettingen Abbey. There he studied the piano, organ, violin and guitar, the last-named remaining his favourite instrument. He took his final vows as a Cistercian monk in 1827 and was ordained priest in 1832. He became secretary to the abbot, a music teacher and an organ specialist, but his main post was that of Kapellmeister; he contributed to the abbey's reputation as a distinguished centre of the arts.
In 1841 the radicals resolved to abolish the Aargau monasteries and the monks were dispersed; Zwyssig was offered several outstanding positions, which he declined, preferring to remain in attendance on his abbot. A nomadic existence followed, during which they stayed in St Karl (near Zug) for some time; there Zwyssig composed ...