Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 06 June 2020

Handel [Händel, Hendel], George Frideric [Georg Friederich]locked

  • Anthony Hicks


[Georg Friederich]

(b Halle, Feb 23, 1685; d London, April 14, 1759). English composer of German birth. Though consistently acknowledged as one of the greatest composers of his age, his reputation from his death to the early 20th century rested largely on the knowledge of a small number of orchestral works and oratorios, Messiah in particular. In fact, he contributed to every musical genre current in his time, both vocal and instrumental. The composition of operas, mainly on Italian librettos, dominated the earlier part of his career, and are the finest (though not the most typical) of their kind. In his later years his commitment to large-scale vocal works, usually with a strong dramatic element, found a more individual outlet in English oratorio, a genre that he invented and established.

He was the son of Georg Händel (...

You do not currently have access to this article


Please login to access the full content.


Please subscribe to access the full content.

London, British Library
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Music Review
Early Music
Hanover, Stadtbibliothek, Musikbibliothek
Schweizerische Musikzeitung/Revue musicale suisse
Zürich, Zentralbibliothek
Agen, Archives Départementales de Lot-et-Garonne
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum, Dept of Manuscripts and Printed Books
Venice, Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana
Dresden, Sächsische Staatsoper, Notenbibliothek [in D-Dl]
Reading, University, Music Library
Rostock, Universität, Universitätsbibliothek
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Paderborn, Erzbischöfliche Akademische Bibliothek [in D-HRD]
London, Royal College of Music, Library
Die Musikforschung
Rheda, Fürst zu Bentheim-Tecklenburgische Musikbibliothek [on loan to D-MÜu]
Rome, Conservatorio di Musica S Cecilia
Music & Letters
Manchester, Central Library, Henry Watson Music Library
J. Hawkins: A General History of the Science and Practice of Music (London, 1776)
Uppsala, Universitetsbiblioteket
H. Smither: A History of the Oratorio (Chapel Hill, NC, 1977-)
Oxford, Bodleian Library
Analecta musicologica
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Journal of the Royal Musical Association
Monthly Musical Record
Copenhagen, Kongelige Bibliotek
Wiesentheid, Musiksammlung des Grafen von Schönborn-Wiesentheid
Vienna, Minoritenkonvent
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
C. Burney: A General History of Music from the Earliest Ages to the Present Period (London, 1776-89); ed. F. Mercer (London, 1935/R) [p. nos. refer to this edn]
Rassegna musicale
Dansk aarbog for musikforskning
Rivista italiana di musicologia
Current Musicology
Dresden, Sächsische Landesbibliothek - Staats- und Universitäts-Bibliothek, Musikabteilung
Vierteljahrsschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
Brussels, Conservatoire Royal, Bibliothèque, Koninklijk Conservatorium, Bibliotheek
London, Royal College of Organists
Musical Times
Münster, Santini-Bibliothek [in D-MÜp]
London, Foundling Museum: Gerald Coke, private collection
J. Mattheson: Grundlage einer Ehren-Pforte (Hamburg, 1740); ed. Max Schneider (Berlin, 1910/R)
San Marino (CA), Huntington Library
Leipzig, Leipziger Städtische Bibliotheken, Musikbibliothek
Musical Quarterly