- Rita Benton
This article provides a survey of institutional libraries containing source materials of Western music. It does not deal with libraries of recorded sound, with privately owned libraries, with collections of instruments, or in a substantive way with collections of non-Western or traditional materials (which are referred to in entries on the cultures concerned). See also Archives and music; Collections, private; International Association of Music Information Centres; Sound archives; Instruments, collections of.
The English term ‘library’, related to the Latin liber for book (the words in most Western languages, Fr. bibliothèque, Ger. Bibliothek and It. biblioteca, derive from the Greek biblos for book and thēkufor container), generally stands for a collection or repository of books. In contradistinction, an archive (often used in the plural) is defined as an organized body of records, often of an official or governmental nature, or the place where they are stored (see Archives and music...