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date: 21 February 2020

Malaysia, Federation of (Malay Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia)locked

  • Jack Percival Baker Dobbs,
  • Patricia Matusky,
  • Ivan Polunin,
  • Tanya Polunin,
  • Virginia Gorlinski
  •  and Patricia Samson


(Malay Persekutuan Tanah Malaysia)

Country in South-east Asia. The federation consists of 11 states of Peninsular (or West) Malaysia and the two states of Sabah and Sarawak on the island of Borneo to the east.

The transliterations used here largely follow the system in M. C. Ricklefs and P. Voorhoeve, Indonesian Manuscripts in Great Britain (Oxford, 1977). This is based on the official orthography for Indonesian and Malay adopted in 1972, and that proposed for Javanese in 1973, with the following exceptions: in Javanese ḍ and ṭ (in Sudanese and Malay d and t) are used rather than dh and th; ě is used for the vowel sound as in the second syllable of ‘fallen’ and unmarked e for the vocal sound in ‘set’ or ‘fate’; c, consistent with the new orthography, represents English ch as in ‘chair’.

Jack Percival Baker Dobbs, revised by Patricia Matusky

West Malaysia is the peninsula stretching from Thailand to Singapore. Since its development as the crossroads of an important trading route between India and China, it has been the home of several peoples and now has a multiracial population, with groups (in descending order of numbers) of Malays, Chinese, Indians (with Pakistanis), Thais, ...

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