Russian Federation (Russ. Rossiiskaya Federatsiya; Russia)
- Marina Frolova-Walker,
- Jonathan Powell,
- Rosamund Bartlett,
- Izaly Zemtsovsky,
- Mark Slobin,
- Jarkko Niemi
- and Yuri Sheikin
(Russ. Rossiiskaya Federatsiya; Russia)
Country largely in Asia, with its capital at Moscow. It is the world's largest country in area, reaching from the Gulf of Finland to the Pacific, and from the Arctic to the Black and Caspian seas, covering 11 time zones.
During the three centuries of Romanov rule (from 1613) the Russian Empire expanded to take in much of eastern Europe and northern and central Asia. The 1917 Revolution replaced the Romanovs with a Soviet republic headed by a series of strong leaders (Lenin, Stalin) whose views affected all spheres of society including music. The empire was reconstituted as the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) which, following territorial gain after World War II (including the absorption of the Baltic States), grew to a total of 15, of which the Russian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic was by far the biggest and itself included a number of smaller autonomous republics. Liberalization in the late 1980s led to the break-up of the Soviet Union into its constituent parts. In this way the Russian Federation was shorn of areas, partly Russian-speaking, such as Ukraine and Belarus, that had been closely linked with Russia for many centuries....