- Richard Rybarič,
- Ľubomír Chalupka
- and Oskár Elschek
Country in Central Europe. From 1018 the territory of the Slovaks was part of Hungary and in 1526 it was brought, together with Bohemia and Moravia, under Habsburg rule. The administrative division into the Austrian (Cisleithan) region and the Hungarian (Transleithan) region was created after declaration of the dual monarchy in 1867. In the Hungarian region a policy of aggressive oppression of minorities (including the Slovaks) was promoted, eroding the conditions for the development of Slovak culture. After 1918 the territory of Slovakia was incorporated into the new state of Czechoslovakia and was able to build its own cultural identity. In 1993 Slovakia became an independent state.
Richard Rybarič, revised by Ľubomír Chalupka
The first mention of music in the territory of present-day Slovakia dates from the end of the 8th century, when the Christianization of the central European Slavs began. In 863 the Byzantine missionaries Cyril and Methodius came to the Great Moravian Empire and laid the foundations of Slavonic liturgical chant, formed by the synthesis of Eastern (Byzantine) and Western (Latin) elements. After the incorporation of the territory of the Slovaks into Hungary in ...