- Jim Samson
Former country in south-east Europe. It existed in several forms between 1918 and 2006. It was established in 1918 as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, through an amalgamation of south Slav territories of the former Habsburg Empire and the two independent kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro. International recognition came in 1922, and the country was re-named the Kingdom of Yugoslavia in 1929. In 1941 this ‘first Yugoslavia’ was invaded by the Axis powers, and two years later the partisans declared a Democratic Federal Yugoslavia, recognized by the king in 1944. The monarchy was abolished in 1945, and a year later the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, now expanded by territories acquired from Italy, was established under the communist administration of Josip Broz Tito. This ‘second Yugoslavia’ comprised six Socialist Republics ( Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia-Hercegovina, and Macedonia) as well as two Socialist Autonomous Provinces of Serbia (...