Costa Rica, Republic of (Sp. República de Costa Rica)
- Bernal Flores Zeller
- and Laura Cervantes Gamboa
(Sp. República de Costa Rica)
Country in central America. It is bordered by Nicaragua to the north, by Panama to the south-east, by the Caribbean Sea to the east and by the Pacific Ocean to the south and west.
Bernal Flores Zeller
‘Costa Rican music is a white man's music, and of all Latin American countries is the least influenced by either the Indian or the Negro culture’ (Slonimsky, 1945). The recorded history of music in Costa Rica begins in 1845, when the Dirección General de Bandas was organized by the Guatemalan musician José Martínez; Martínez was succeeded on his death in 1852 by Manuel María Gutiérrez (1829–87), composer of the national anthem (1852), who was succeeded by Rafael Chávez Torres (1839–1907). These last two composers wrote marches, mazurkas, waltzes and similar pieces for band. Chávez Torres was followed by the Belgian Jean Loots (1872–1929), who organized the first, short-lived symphony orchestra (...