Kyrgyzstan, Republic of
- Mark Slobin,
- Alma Kunanbayeva,
- Subanaliyev Sagynaly
- and Dyikanova Cholpon
Country in Central Asia, formerly part of the USSR. It is bounded by Uzbekistan to the west, Kazakhstan to the north, China to the east and Tajikistan to the south.
Mark Slobin, revised by Alma Kunanbayeva
When Central Asia was reorganized territorially on a national basis in 1924, Kyrgyzstan was separated from Turkestan and formed into an autonomous region within the Russian Soviet Socialist Republic. It is perhaps not surprising, then, that musical styles within a republic with such recent political borders express affiliations with those of its neighbours. Three musical styles may be identified: in the northern area (the Issyk-Kul and Naryn regions and the Chuy valley), styles are similar to those of neighbouring Kazakhs; Kyrgyz clans in the mountains of the north-western area (the Talas and Chatkal valleys and a part of the Fergana valley) use styles that seem more obviously indigenous; and the styles of those in the southern area (the Osh region) share features with neighbouring Uzbeks. In general, recitative styles prevail in southern Kyrgyzstan while more melodic styles are found in the north....