Clerk, Sir John
- David Johnson
(b Penicuik House, nr Edinburgh, Nov 8, 1676; d Penicuik, Oct 4, 1755). Scottish politician, composer and music patron. Born into a landed Scottish family, from 1694 to 1697 he studied law at Leiden University, where he probably had composition lessons with Jakob Kremberg. He then did a grand tour until 1700, visiting Vienna and settling for 15 months in Rome, where he had composition lessons with Corelli. On returning to Scotland he was caught up in public affairs, which led to his being one of the signatories of the Treaty of Union between Scotland and England in 1707. From the age of 26 onwards he seems to have had no time for serious composition: his main surviving musical works were all written by about 1703. He succeeded his father as second baronet of Penicuik in 1722. In later life the erstwhile composer contented himself with patronizing others' musical efforts; an important protégé was the writer Allan Ramsay (...