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date: 05 December 2019

New Orleans locked

  • John Joyce,
  • Gwynn Spencer McPeek,
  • Henry A. Kmen,
  • J. Bradford Robinson,
  • Mike Hazeldine
  •  and John H. Baron

Extract

American city in Louisiana. Founded in 1718, it was the capital of French colonial Louisiana until 1762 and then in Spanish possession until 1800. It reverted briefly to French rule before it became a US territory as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Few towns in the USA have developed and preserved as rich and individual a musical tradition. A primary reason for this is its position at the mouth of the Mississippi river; it was the principal harbour serving the vast country to the north, from which raw materials were exported and to which manufactured goods were imported. In the 18th century and much of the 19th, New Orleans was a northern point of the French and Spanish Caribbean trade routes, which had a profound effect on its musical culture. So too did the city’s prosperous economy: there were rich and noble families among the first settlers, who had not only a taste for culture but also the financial means to enjoy it. In the late 19th century and the early 20th the city’s musical importance shifted from opera to jazz, which had its roots in the popular music of the city’s numerous brass and string bands....

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Yearbook, Inter-American Institute for Musical Research, later Yearbook for Inter-American Musical Research
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart