- Natan Shahar
(b Palestine, July 13, 1930; d Tel Aviv, June 26, 2004). Israeli composer . After completing her studies at the Academy of Music in Jerusalem, she returned to the kibbutz on which she was born and worked as a music teacher and song composer. In 1956–7 her music burst onto the Israeli music scene and she became a very popular composer and poet. Her songs, many of which set her own lyrics, were performed by such artists as Yaffa Yarkon, the Central Command Band and the Ha-duda’im Duo, and were released by a number of publishing houses. In 1967 she was commissioned to write a song about Jerusalem for the Jerusalem Song Festival; Yerushalayim shelzahav (‘Jerusalem of Gold’) was first performed on Independence Day of that year. During the Six Days War that began three weeks later, the song was played and sung widely in Israel and abroad. Thought to express perfectly the love of the nation for Jerusalem, the song was proposed in the Knesset as a new Israeli national anthem....