- M.K. Duggan
(b Parma,c1439; d Parma, c1500). Italian printer . Active at Parma, he was called a book printer and illuminator in documents of 1474 but later listed variously as a paper dealer, bookseller, ceramicist and bookbinder. He worked in the manuscript book trade before and after his publication of four printed books between 1477 and 1482, supplying the local Benedictine convent with liturgical books. His first printed book, an abbreviated Graduale of 1477 (issued with his brother Bernardo), was a milestone of early music printing, the third known printed music book after the c1473 Graduale and Han’s 1476 Missale. Its giant roman plainchant type, printed in black on pages with four red staves (each 55 mm high), is the largest known, nearly double that used in the Graduale printed by Emerich at Venice in 1499, with seven staves a page.DugganIMI M.K. Duggan: ‘The Music Type of the Second Dated Printed Music Book, the 1477 ...