Bell(i) (Fr. Cloche; Ger. Glocke; It., Sp. campana)
- Percival Price,
- Charles Bodman Rae
- and James Blades
(Fr. Cloche; Ger. Glocke; It., Sp. campana)
An idiophone consisting of a hollow object, usually of metal but in some cultures of hard clay or even glass, which when struck emits a sound by the vibration of most of its mass. Bells differ from gongs in that their zone of maximum vibration is towards the rim, while that of gongs is towards the centre; bells are held at their vertex, or point farthest from their rim. While the word ‘bell’ is often loosely applied to any device that produces a metallic sound of gradual decay, a true bell is not so long in relation to its diameter as to be considered a tube closed at one end (see Tubular bells), nor so short as to form a shallow pan (see Cymbals, Gong, Metallophone). The term ‘bells’ often refers to the (See Glockenspiel) because of its bell-like timbre; this usage originated in the USA and has become universally recognized though it has led to confusion with orchestral bells....