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date: 15 September 2019

China, People’s Republic of (Chin. Zhonghua renmin gonghe guo)locked

  • Alan R. Thrasher,
  • Joseph S.C. Lam,
  • Jonathan P.J. Stock,
  • Colin Mackerras,
  • Francesca Rebollo-Sborgi,
  • Frank Kouwenhoven,
  • A. Schimmelpenninck,
  • Stephen Jones,
  • Han Mei,
  • Wu Ben,
  • Helen Rees,
  • Sabine Trebinjac
  •  and Joanna C. Lee

Extract

(Chin. Zhonghua renmin gonghe guo)

Country in East Asia. China is composed of 22 contiguous provinces, five autonomous regions originally inhabited largely by ‘minority’ groups (Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang-Uighur, Guangxi-Zhuang, Ningxia-Hui and Tibet), three centrally-controlled municipalities (the capital Beijing, Shanghai and Tianjin) and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Its total area of about 9,573,000 km² also includes the area formerly called Manchuria (now the three north-eastern provinces). According to the 2010 census the total population was 1.37 billion, with 55 minority nationalities, ethnically distinct from the Han Chinese majority, comprising 8.49%.

The majority of the 23.2 million people (2012) of the Republic of China on the island of Taiwan originate from Fujian and eastern Guangdong provinces of mainland China; about 2.5 million came from other parts of mainland China with the Nationalists in 1949.

The number of Chinese living outside China (including Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau) in 2012 was approximately 50 million. The largest groups of Chinese include about 32.7 million in South-east Asia (the biggest populations being in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore), 3.8 million in the USA and 1.3 million in Canada. The music of these groups is discussed, as far as possible, in the articles on the countries in which they went to live....

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