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Sibelius, Jean [Johan] (Christian Julius)locked

  • Fabian Dahlström
  •  and James Hepokoski


(b Hämeenlinna, Dec 8, 1865; d Järvenpää, Sept 20, 1957). Finnish composer. He was the central figure in creating a Finnish voice in music in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His most significant output was orchestral: seven symphonies, one violin concerto, several sets of incidental music and numerous tone poems, often based on incidents taken from the Kalevala, the Finnish-language folk epic. His work is distinguished by startlingly original adaptations of familiar elements: unorthodox treatments of triadic harmony, orchestral colour and musical process and structure. His music evokes a range of characteristic moods and topics, from celebratory nationalism and political struggle to cold despair and separatist isolation; from brooding contemplations of ‘neo-primitive’ musical ideas or slowly transforming sound textures to meditations on the mysteries, grandeurs and occasionally lurking terrors of archetypal folk myths or natural landscapes. A master of symphonic continuity and compressed, ‘logical’ musical structure, he grounded much of his music in his own conception of the Finnish national temperament. Throughout the 20th century Finland regarded him as a national hero and its most renowned artist. Outside Finland, Sibelius's reputation has been volatile, with passionate claims made both by advocates and detractors. The various reactions to his music have provided some of the most ideologically charged moments of 20th-century reception history....

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Rivista italiana di musicologia
The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
Musik und Gesellschaft
Musical Times
Die Musikforschung
Music & Letters
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Music Review
Fontes artis musicae
Helsinki, Helsingin Yliopiston Kirjasto/Helsinki University Library/Suomen Kansalliskikjasto
Österreichische Musikzeitschrift
Monthly Musical Record
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Turku, Åbo Akademi, Sibelius Museum, Bibliotek ja Arkiv
Frankfurt, Musikverlag Robert Lienau
Gesellschaft für Musikforschung: Kongress-Bericht [1950-]