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Organ (Fr. orgue, orgues; Dutch, Ger. Orgel; It., Sp. organo; Dan. Orglet; from Gk. organon via Lat. organum)locked

  • Barbara Owen,
  • Peter Williams
  •  and Stephen Bicknell


A wind instrument consisting of one or more scale-like rows of individual pipes of graded size which are made to sound by air under pressure directed from a wind-raising device and admitted to the pipes by means of valves operated from a keyboard. Although this definition could include such instruments as the ...

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E.J. Hopkins and E.F. Rimbault: The Organ: its History and Construction (London, 1855, 3/1887/R)
Faenza, Biblioteca Comunale Manfrediana, Raccolte Musicali
J. Hawkins: A General History of the Science and Practice of Music (London, 1776)
Journal of the British Institute of Organ Studies
S. Virdung: Musica getutscht (Basle, 1511/R)
P. Williams: A New History of the Organ: from the Greeks to the Present Day (London, 1980)
Besançon, Bibliothèque Municipale
Revue de musicologie
Anuario musical
S. Bicknell: The History of the English Organ (Cambridge, 1996)
Foix, Bibliothèque Municipale
M. Praetorius: Syntagma musicum, i (Wittenberg and Wolfenbüttel, 1614-15, 2/1615/R); ii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R; Eng. trans., 1986, 2/1991); iii (Wolfenbüttel, 1618, 2/1619/R)
Svensk tidskrift för musikforskning
Hinrichsen's Musical Year Book
Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
Musical Times
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Revue musicale
Musical Opinion
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle
Journal of the American Musical Instrument Society
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)