Freiberg, Gottfried Ritter von
- Oliver Brockway
(b Vienna, April 11, 1908; d Vienna, Feb 2, 1962). Austrian horn player. He studied with his uncle, Karl Stiegler, whom he succeeded in 1932 as principal horn of the Vienna PO and professor at the Musik Akademie. For 30 years Freiberg's distinctive tone and generous portamento were inseparably associated with the orchestra's style. He personified the Vienna horn school, in particular through his adherence to the single F horn with twin-piston valves at a time when advances in instrument design, bringing greater technical facility and accuracy at the expense of the Vienna horn's unique tonal qualities, had been generally adopted elsewhere.
In 1943 he gave the first performance of Richard Strauss's Second Horn Concerto. During the war years Freiberg, who was partly Jewish, was able to survive in his post only through a dispensation from the Nazis; after the war, not needing de-Nazification, he was accepted by the occupying powers as president of the orchestra (...