Jordan, Hashemite Kingdom of (Arab. Al-Mamlaka Al-Urduniya Al-Hashemiya)(i)
- Abdel-Hamid Hamam
(Arab. Al-Mamlaka Al-Urduniya Al-Hashemiya)
Constitutional monarchy in West Asia. Located in the centre of the eastern Arab world, Jordan has an area of 91,860 km² and a population (est. 2000) of approximately 6·33 million, of which some 96% are Sunni Muslim. Through population movements and common geographical features, Jordan has close cultural and musical links with the neighbouring Arab cultures of Syria, Palestine, Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
Jordanian music is primarily vocal. Instruments are used to accompany singing or sometimes to reproduce songs instrumentally (although through acculturation instrumental music has recently gained some importance). Folk or folk-related genres predominate. Before the 1948 war with Israel, Jordan's small towns were mostly populated by agriculturalists; artisans and shopkeepers were not numerous. Following the unification of the West Bank and East Jerusalem under Jordanian rule after the 1949 Jordan-Israel armistice, Palestinian folk and art traditions became a part of the kingdom’s traditions (see Palestinian music...