Krebs [Krebser, Kress], Friedrich
- Hermann Fischer
(b Schalkhausen, nr Ansbach; d Strasbourg, 1493). German organ builder. He was active in Franconia from 1471 until his death. New organs or restorations are known for the churches of St Sebaldus, Nuremberg (small organ 1471; large organ 1481), St Martin, Amberg (1476), the Moritzkirche, Coburg (Meister Friedrich 1487), and Strasbourg Cathedral (small organ 1478; large organ 1491); his work at St Georges, Haguenau (1493), was completed by his nephew Michael Dürr. Krebs was a significant organ builder in the line of development from the Gothic Blockwerk organ to the slider-chest organ with divided Blockwerk, as reflected in his specification of Fleiten (Principal), Zymmel (Zimbel) and Werck (Hintersatz or Mixture). The organ was divided into Diskant (Hauptwerk), Rückpositiv and Tenor (pedal). Krebs extended the range of the manuals (F to a″, previously B to f″) and that of the pedals (...