Tsesakow, Kim Dzmitrïyevich
- Taisiya Shcherbakova
(b Cherven′, Minsk province, Feb 20, 1936). Belarusian composer. He and his family survived the German occupation of Belarus′. At the beginning of the 1950s he studied at the conducting and choral department of the college in Gomel′ and started writing songs, romances and choruses. He then studied composition at the National Conservatory in Minsk with Bahatïrow (1954–6) and in 1957 moved to Novosibirsk in Russia where he taught theory at the music college. He graduated from the Novosibirsk Conservatory in 1965 (class of G.N. Ivanov) and returned to Minsk where he taught at the college and conservatory and managed the editorial office for musical literature at Belarus′ publishers. From 1973 to 1995 he ran a composition class at the music school attached to the Belarusian Academy of Music. As the theme of the war waged by the Belarusians against fascism defines Tsesakow's primary interest, in his five symphonies and 10 string quartets (which, in their embodiment of concepts of and expressive and tragic type, are similar to those of Shostakovich and Bartók) he has been particularly concerned with the problems of expressing conflict in contemporary instrumental writing. He makes liberal use of elements drawn from Belarusian songs, and employs polyphonic technique extensively. In his cantatas, oratorios, choruses and cycles of instrumental pieces he tends towards a programmatic narrative and a decorative style of writing which has a direct, poster-like appeal. He has successfully employed Slavonic folk-sources of various historical epochs (he particularly likes song-laments, soldiers' recruiting songs, ritualistic melodies and games). The most recognizable ...