Tyrmand, Ėta (Ėdzi) Mayseyewna
- Taisiya Shcherbakova
(b Warsaw, Feb 23, 1917; d April 29, 2008). Belarusian composer. She completed her studies at the teaching and choral faculty of the Warsaw Higher School (1938) where she also studied the piano. After the occupation of Warsaw in 1939 she fled to Minsk and entered the conservatory there. During the war years she worked as an accompanist for the Kyrgyz Theatre of Opera and Ballet in Frunze, and later graduated from the National Conservatory, Minsk, in the piano class of G.I. Shershevsky (1949) and the composition class of A.V. Bahatïrow (1952). In 1949 she began teaching the piano and ran a class for accompanists at the Belarusian State Academy of Music. Her music is emotionally vivid, dynamic and virtuoso in style. Such works as the piano concertos, sonatas, suites and toccatas are characterized by decorativeness and textural detail, as well as an improvisatory manner and free form. The use of chromatic tonality, a reliance on the Belarusian song style and a tendency towards ornamentation inspired by the sounds of the natural world all give distinctiveness, harmonic freshness and a concertante brilliance to her works for violin and piano and for cimbalom and piano (in which she comes close to the traditions of Bartók and Szymanowski). Her vocal works are vividly expressive and national in character. The lively speech-like intonation and the picturesque cast of her instrumental pieces and songs about children (to poems by V. Shumilin and Vladimir Levin) are ingenious....