- Julian Anderson
(b Le Havre, March 11, 1947). French composer, performer and theorist. He studied economics and Arabic at the Ecole d'Hautes Etudes before entering the Paris Conservatoire to attend Messiaen's composition class (1967–72). That year he was resident at the Villa Medici in Rome, where he remained until 1974. In 1973 he founded the Group de l'Itinéraire which quickly established itself as the leading new music ensemble in France throughout the 1970s and 80s (other composers associated with it included Levinas, Grisey and Dufourt). In addition to composing a number of his most significant scores for the group, Murail also participated in it as a performer on electronic keyboard instruments such as the synthesizer and ondes martenot. He is a well known virtuoso of the latter instrument, and has made many appearances as soloist in such works as Messiaen's Turangalîla symphonie (which he has recorded twice) and ...