- Magdalena Manolova
- , revised by Milena Bozhikova
(b Samokov, Bulgaria, July 30, 1924; d Sofia, Bulgaria, Dec 23, 2002). Bulgarian composer, pianist, and conductor. In 1951 she graduated from the Sofia Academy of Music, where her teachers were Hadjiev and Vesselin Stoyanov (composition), Edmondo di Vecci (conducting), and Nenov (the piano). After working as a conductor and composer with the state-sponsored Kutev folksong and dance ensemble (1951–60), she furthered her composition studies with Wagner-Régeny (1960–66) and then Blacher in Berlin (1966–8). She participated in the international courses for new music in Darmstadt (1964), the Festival of Bournenville in Copenhagen (Denmark), and the Karl Hoffer Symposium in Berlin (1982) and Heidelberg (1985). She has become a prolific freelance composer with an output that includes 11 ballets, eight operas and a musical, most of which have been performed professionally in state theatres in Germany and the former Czechoslovakia. While Klinkova’s emotional, quasi-Romantic idiom, which exhibits considerable melodic invention, draws on the characteristics of Bulgarian folk music, her themes are generally contemporary. In her ballet ...