Gonzaga, (Francisca Edwiges Neves) Chiquinha
- Cristina Magaldi
(b Rio de Janeiro, Oct 17, 1847; d Rio de Janeiro, Feb 28, 1935). Brazilian composer, pianist and conductor. She studied the piano in Rio de Janeiro with José de Sousa Lobo and the Portuguese pianist Napoleão dos Santos. However, her wealthy husband Jacinto Ribeiro do Amaral, whom she married in 1863, disapproved of her musical career and at the age of 20 she separated from him. She married again – her second husband was João Batista de Carvalho – and once more separated, in 1876; she found work as a piano teacher to help support her children. Her first success as a composer came with the publication in 1877 of the polka Atraente. She wrote music for several operettas; the first, A corte na roça (to a libretto by Francisco Sodré), was first performed at the Teatro Príncipe Imperial on 17 January 1885, gained her the name ‘the feminine Offenbach’. In ...