Show Summary Details

Page of

Printed from Grove Music Online. Grove is a registered trademark. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a single article for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy).

date: 17 August 2019

Gonzaga, (Francisca Edwiges Neves) Chiquinha locked

  • Cristina Magaldi


(b Rio de Janeiro, Oct 17, 1847; d Rio de Janeiro, Feb 28, 1935). Brazilian composer, pianist and conductor. She studied the piano in Rio de Janeiro with José de Sousa Lobo and the Portuguese pianist Napoleão dos Santos. However, her wealthy husband Jacinto Ribeiro do Amaral, whom she married in 1863, disapproved of her musical career and at the age of 20 she separated from him. She married again – her second husband was João Batista de Carvalho – and once more separated, in 1876; she found work as a piano teacher to help support her children. Her first success as a composer came with the publication in 1877 of the polka Atraente. She wrote music for several operettas; the first, A corte na roça (to a libretto by Francisco Sodré), was first performed at the Teatro Príncipe Imperial on 17 January 1885, gained her the name ‘the feminine Offenbach’. In ...

Access to the complete content on Grove Music Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.