- M.K. Duggan
(flc1473–1513). Type cutter, active in Italy. On 26 September 1513 he submitted a petition to the Venetian senate requesting a 15-year privilege to print mensural music. In the petition he expressed concern that others would ‘harvest the fruits of his labour’ after he had ‘discovered the way to print mensural music [canto figurato]’ in the city where he had been a cutter of letters for 40 years. The previous privilege holder, Petrucci, was by then living in Fossombrone in the papal states. The senate awarded Ungaro an exclusive privilege, but he is not known to have exercised it. Apparently he had cut Petrucci’s music type; Petrucci had been awarded a privilege for printing music in Venice in 1498. Because of his long tenure in Venice, Ungaro may well have been responsible for the first mensural music type used in Venice in 1480 and for several of the 24 plainchant types used there between ...