- Lothar Knessl
(b Zagreb, Oct 21, 1928; d October 9, 2012). Austrian composer of Hungarian birth. She studied at the Vienna Musikhochschule (1951–7), where her teachers included Bruno Seidlhofer (piano) and Alfred Uhl (composition). Upon the completion of her studies, she received a year’s scholarship for study in Rome. She taught members of the Vienna Boys’ Choir (from 1959) and the piano at the Musikhochschule (until 1994). Her honours included prizes from the International Gaudeamus (1963–4), ISCM (1967) and Graz ‘musikprotokoll’ (1972) competitions, an award for graphic notation (Berlin, 1967) and numerous commissions.
In touch with the international avant garde from early in her career, Alcalay attended the Darmstadt summer courses, where she attracted attention for aspekte in 1962. As a result of this exposure, Maderna conducted the première of her una strofa di Dante in 1968. Remarking that ‘a non-conformist attitude to music and musical tradition’ is an important factor in her work, she developed a system that employs musical language as signalled communication. Her most frequently performed piece, ...