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Yokomichi, Mario locked

  • Yosihiko Tokumaru

(b Tokyo, Oct 12, 1916). Japanese musicologist . After studying Japanese literature at the Imperial University of Tokyo (BA 1941) and completing military service, he began research on music. He joined the Tokyo National Research Institute of Cultural Properties (1953), becoming research director of the music and dance section (1963) and director general of the performing arts department (1964). He worked at the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music as professor (1976–84) and was appointed director of the Research Institute of the Okinawa Prefectural University of Fine Arts and Music (1986). There he founded a music faculty and established it as the centre of research on Okinawan performing arts. He has pursued a wide range of research interests on Japanese traditional performing arts. He clarified the multi-layered structure of theatre in terms of dramatic, melodic and rhythmic aspects; undertook research on shōmyō (Buddhist ritual music) at the temple of the Great Buddha of Todaiji, Nara, for which his research (1971) remains the comprehensive model for the genre; and worked on relationships between music and dance. He published a new notation system for the traditional dance of mainland Japan in 1960.


  • Hyōjun Nihon buyōfu [A standard notation for Japanese dance] (Tokyo, 1960)
  • Yōkyokushū (Tokyo, 1960–63) [Critical edn of texts of dramas with literary and musical commentaries]
  • Kurokawa nō [ theatre in Kurokawa] (Tokyo, 1967)
  • Tōdaiji shunie kannon keka [Ritual of February in the Tōdaiji temple] (Tokyo, 1971)
  • Shōmyō jiten [A dictionary of shōmyō] (Kyoto, 1984)
  • Nōgeki no kenkyū [Studies on drama] (Tokyo, 1986)
  • with H. Koyama and A. Omote, eds.: Iwanami kōza: nō kyōgen [Iwanami series on and kyōgen] (Tokyo, 1987–8)
  • ‘Ryūkyū geinō kenkyū binran’ [A manual for research on the performing arts of Ryūkyū], Okinawa geijutsu no kagaku, 1 (1988), 81–139; iii (1990), 1–93
  • ‘Koten Ryūkyū buyōfu no kokoromi’ [An experiment in notating the Classical dances of Ryūkyū], Okinawa geijutsu no kagaku, 2 (1989), 1–57
  • Nōgaku zusetsu [Illustrated examples of theatre] (Tokyo, 1992)