Pianino (It.: ‘small piano’)
- Howard Schott
(It.: ‘small piano’)
(1) A common term in a number of European languages for a small upright piano. It is said to have been introduced by Pleyel of Paris in 1815 to distinguish that firm’s small upright instruments (designed by Jean Henri Pape, based on a model of 1811 by Robert Wornum (ii)) from the larger type of upright, or piano droit. By 1840 German and Austrian firms had begun to produce similar small uprights under the name pianino. The term ‘cottage piano’, introduced by Wornum, has also gained currency for small uprights (see Pianoforte, fig.). Collard & Collard’s smallest upright models were known as ‘microchordons’.
(2) The name applied by Chappell to a type of small Glasschord produced during the first quarter of the 19th century with a keyboard of piano dimensions and a simple downstriking hammer action. The compass was 37 notes, c to c‴. An example of 1815...