Cramer, Anna (Merkje)
- Helen Metzelaar
(b Amsterdam, July 15, 1873; d Blaricum, June 4, 1968). Dutch composer. She studied piano at the Amsterdam Conservatory, graduating in 1897. While a student she was already composing songs, and at the end of 1897 she went to Berlin, where she studied composition with Wilhelm Berger. In 1903 her song Wenn die Linde blüht was published by the magazine Die Woche, and in 1906 Ludwig Wüllner included some of her lieder in his recital in the Concertgebouw in Amsterdam. The following year two collections of songs, the humorous Fünf Gedichte von Klaus Groth and the Fünf Gedichte von O.J. Bierbaum, were published by Fürstner of Berlin. She then studied in Munich (1907–8), where her 14 Volkstümliche Lieder were published. In 1909 she toured the Netherlands, accompanying the baritone Gerard Zalsman and the soprano Jeanne Broek-Landré in 22 of her own lieder. She also gave concerts in Paris and Berlin. In ...