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date: 15 October 2019

Psalm (Lat. psalmus; Gk. psalmos)locked

  • Christian Troelsgård,
  • John Arthur Smith,
  • Terence Bailey,
  • Paul Doe,
  • Alejandro Enrique Planchart
  •  and Malcolm Boyd


(Lat. psalmusGk. psalmos)

An ancient Near Eastern or ancient Egyptian sacred poem exhibiting the following main characteristics: a theocentric subject, short bifurcated units of literary construction and parallelism of clauses (parallelismus membrorum, ‘thought rhyme’); or a setting of such a poem to music. The Greek word itself, used in the Septuagint and the New Testament for the book of Psalms, referred properly to a song with plucked string accompaniment (elsewhere in antiquity it referred also to the movement of the fingers in plucking strings, or to the sound of string instruments). In later usage, the word referred loosely to a metrical or non-metrical sacred poem or song.

This article discusses the music associated with the biblical Psalms and other psalmodic texts such as the biblical canticles, in ancient Judaism, early Christianity and the traditions springing from Eastern and Western Christianity. No detailed account is given here of the various independent musical forms of the Christian liturgy that originated ultimately in psalmody, even though these often retained psalmodic texts; for these ...

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Kirchenmusikalisches Jahrbuch
Early Music History
Modena, Biblioteca Estense e Universitaria
Plainsong and Medieval Music
Etudes grégoriennes
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Grottaferrata, Biblioteca del Monumento Nazionale
Acta musicologica
St Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Handschriftenabteilung
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
Musical Times
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart
Journal of the American Musicological Society
Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse muziekgeschiedenis [and earlier variants]
Zeitschrift für Musikwissenschaft
Archiv für Musikwissenschaft
Yearbook, Inter-American Institute for Musical Research, later Yearbook for Inter-American Musical Research
Worcester, Cathedral Library
Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Thüringer Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek
Revista de musicología
Musica disciplina
R.M.A. [Royal Musical Association] Research Chronicle
Hamburger Jahrbuch für Musikwissenschaft
Milan, Conservatorio di Musica Giuseppe Verdi, Biblioteca
Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association
Studien zur Musikwissenschaft
Revue de musicologie
Die Musikforschung
Bulletin of the American Musicological Society
Early Music
Music & Letters
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae