La Cruz, Zulema de
- José Iges
(b Madrid, March 9, 1958). Spanish composer . She took higher degrees in piano and composition at the Madrid Conservatory (1986–8) and the MA at the Center for Computer Research in Music and Acoustics of the University of Stanford, California (1986–7). In 1988 she was appointed professor of electro-acoustic composition at the Madrid Conservatory and founded the Laboratorio de Informática Musical there. Her apprenticeship with John Chowning and Leland Smith at Stanford led to her specialization in electro-acoustic music, but she continued to compose for traditional groups of instruments. In these her interest in numerical structures and their combinations is evident, as can be seen in Kinesis-2 (1987) and in Seis para seis (1990). She has become increasingly interested in basing the structure of her works on mathematical relations of natural phenomena, such as volcanos in Chío (1989), or the cosmos in ...