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date: 18 August 2019

Liszt, Franz [Ferenc]locked

  • Maria Eckhardt,
  • Rena Charnin Mueller
  •  and Alan Walker



(b Raiding, (Doborján), Oct 22, 1811; d Bayreuth, July 31, 1886). Hungarian composer, pianist and teacher. He was one of the leaders of the Romantic movement in music. In his compositions he developed new methods, both imaginative and technical, which left their mark upon his forward-looking contemporaries and anticipated some 20th-century ideas and procedures; he also evolved the method of ‘transformation of themes’ as part of his revolution in form, made radical experiments in harmony and invented the symphonic poem for orchestra. As the greatest piano virtuoso of his time, he used his sensational technique and captivating concert personality not only for personal effect but to spread, through his transcriptions, knowledge of other composers’ music. As a conductor and teacher, especially at Weimar, he made himself the most influential figure of the New German School dedicated to progress in music. His unremitting championship of Wagner and Berlioz helped these composers achieve a wider European fame. Equally important was his unrivalled commitment to preserving and promoting the best of the past, including Bach, Handel, Schubert, Weber and above all Beethoven; his performances of such works as Beethoven's Ninth Symphony and Hammerklavier Sonata created new audiences for music hitherto regarded as incomprehensible. The seeming contradictions in his personal life – a strong religious impulse mingled with a love of worldly sensation – were resolved by him with difficulty. Yet the vast amount of new biographical information makes the unthinking view of him as ‘half gypsy, half priest’ impossible to sustain. He contained in his character more of the ideals and aspirations of the 19th century than any other major musician....

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Acta musicologica
Zeitschrift der Internationalen Musik-Gesellschaft
Cambridge (MA), Harvard University, Houghton Library
Weimar, Stiftung Weimarer Klassik, Goethe-Schiller-Archiv
Musical Times
Allgemeine (deutsche) Musik-Zeitung/Musikzeitung (1874-1943)
Revue musicale
International Musicological Society: Congress Report [1930-]
New York, Public Library, Center for the Humanities
Revue belge de musicologie
San Marino (CA), Huntington Library
Fontes artis musicae
Vienna, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Musiksammlung
Moscow, Rossiyskiy Gosudarstvennïy Arkhiv Literaturï i Iskusstva (RGALI)
Jahrbuch der Musikbibliothek Peters
Music Review
Budapest, Országos Széchényi Könyvtár
Studia musicologica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae
Studies in Music [Australia]
no. in Köchel, 1862; for items not in 1862 edn, no. from 2/1905 or 3/1937 given
Die Musikforschung
Music & Letters
Revue de musicologie
Neue Zeitschrift für Musik
Budapest, Liszt Ferenc Zeneművészeti F˝iskola, Könyvtár
Washington, DC, Library of Congress, Music Division
Paris, Gustav Mahler, Bibliothèque Musicale
19th Century Music
Zenetudományi tanulmányok
see SMH
St Petersburg, Rossiyskaya Natsional′naya Biblioteka
Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France
Musical Quarterly
Journal of Musicology