- Eliot B. Levin
Italian record company. The name is an acronym for Compagnia per Edizioni, Teatro, Registrazioni ed Affini. The firm was founded in Turin in 1932 as a competitor to the Voce del Padrone/Columbia group and issued predominantly Italian opera. There was close artistic co-operation with Italian radio which provided capital and, in turn, looked for a reduction in its copyright costs. At first, pressing was put out to contract, but shortly before the war in-house facilities were acquired by buying into Fonodisco: hence the Fonit-Cetra label. The Cetra label was used in Italy and its colonies; elsewhere, marketing was by interchange of material with, especially, Parlophone. During World War II access to Parlophone ceased, to be replaced by an alliance with Polydor. After the war the Soria series was instituted, with great success, for the American market.
Leading artists include such singers as Maria Callas (her first records, issued in 1949...