- Joanna C. Lee
(b Guangzhou, April 4, 1953). Chinese composer. She studied the violin and the piano as a child. Sent to the countryside as a labourer during the Cultural Revolution, she kept her violin with her, entertaining farmers with melodies from ‘revolutionary operas’ condoned by the Gang of Four and practising Western repertory when she was alone. After returning home at the age of 17, she served as leader and composer for the local Beijing opera troupe. She studied composition with Wu Zuqiang and visiting professor Alexander Goehr at the Central Conservatory in Beijing when it reopened in 1977. In 1986 she continued her studies with Chou Wen-chung, Mario Davidovsky and others at Columbia University (DMA 1993). Upon completion of the doctorate, she served as composer-in-residence for the Women’s PO, Chanticleer and the Aptos Creative Arts Program, San Francisco. After teaching at the Peabody Conservatory (1996–8), she accepted an endowed professorship at the University of Missouri, Kansas City. Her honours have included awards from the Guggenheim, Ford, Rockefeller, Alpert, Fromm and Koussevitzky foundations, and the American Academy and Institute of Arts and Letters. In ...