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date: 29 February 2020


  • Howard Rye


American record company. It was established in New York in 1938, although at first its recordings were produced and manufactured by the American Record Company. Its catalogue contained much Chicago jazz, but recordings in swing styles also figured prominently. Issues included items by the Kansas City Five and Six, Coleman Hawkins and Hot Lips Page, a series by Billie Holiday and reissues of some of Jelly Roll Morton’s last recordings for General. Although intensive activity ceased in the 1940s, the label remained operational intermittently into the following decade.

Material from the catalogue was reissued on Mainstream in the 1960s and on London in the 1970s, as well as under its original label name. In the late 1970s the label was revived and a series of LPs with much previously unreleased material was sold in the USA and Germany; the latter series continued into the late 1980s. Mosaic reissued the entire catalogue from about ...

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