Kamal, Trisutji (Djuliati)
- Franki Raden
(b Jakarta, 1936). Indonesian composer. She grew up in the Sultanate of Langkat in Binjai, Sumatra, which was renowned for its appreciation of Western classical music. Unusually for an Indonesian woman, Kamal trained in Europe, studying the piano and composition with Badings at the Amsterdam Conservatory, then attending the Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris and the Rome Conservatory. Returning to Indonesia in 1967, she joined Frans Haryadi and Jaya Suprana at the forefront of Indonesian contemporary music during the Suharto regime. In 1969 she was commissioned to write the work for percussion ensemble Dari Celah-celah Kehidupan (‘From the Spaces of Life’). Pentatonic gamelan music began to influence Kamal's works in the 1950s and 60s, as in the ballet suite Gunung Agung (“Mount Agung’, 1963–70). Inspired by the call to prayer, she began to incorporate elements of Islamic culture into her music in 1974. These dual influences have caused her to move away from tonal music. Her religious experiences in Mecca are reflected in the piano piece ...