Margono bin Sitar
- Mohd. Anis Md Nor
(b Mlilir, Mediun, East Java, 1920). Javanese gamelan and kethoprak (folk theatre) performer, dalang (shadow puppeteer) and gamelan maker , active in Malaysia. He came to Malaysia at the age of 22 during World War II. After the Japanese surrender in 1945, Margono was interned by the British and transferred to a Dutch army camp in Sungei Besi with other Javanese war detainees; here he was made to perform kethoprak (Javanese folk theatre), wayang wong (dance drama) and Javanese gamelan. He escaped from the detention camp and took refuge in Batu Pahat, Johor. Here Margono became well known for his ability as a dalang (shadow puppeteer) of wayang kulit purwa (Javanese shadow play) (particularly for his skills in sabetan, puppet manipulation), as a kethoprak performer, and as a gamelan musician. He made his first set of gamelan instruments from iron plates and steel drums in 1954 for a ludruk...